(Koma of today)


Abasi, Augustine Kututera H.

1991    Funeral Rites in West Africa, in: Kronkronbali, figuratieve terracotta uit West-Afrika met cadensen van José Vermeersch, ed. A. Maesen, M.G. Mudiji, A.K.H. Abasi, V. Neckenbrouk, A.P. Bourgeois, J. Cocle, M. Sabbe, F. Gistelinck. Leuven (Belgium)


Anquandah, James and Laurent van Ham

1985    Discovering the forgotten "civilization" of Komaland, Northern Ghana. Rotterdam. (Review: see Ross, Doran H. 1987).


Anquandah, James

1998    Koma - Bulsa. Its Art and Archaeology. Istituto italiano per l'Africa e l'oriente, Roma.


Arhin, Kwame (ed.)

1974    The Papers of George Ekem Ferguson: A Fanti Official of the Government of the Gold Coast. Leiden and Cambridge.


Barker, Peter

1986    Peoples, languages and religion in Northern Ghana. Accra: Ghana Evangelism Committe / Asempa.


Beyer, Klaus

1998    Pferde, Schwerter und Macht. Eine historisch-vergleichende Studie zu Kulturwortfeldern in den Oti-Volta-Sprachen. Köln: Rüdiger Köpper Verlag.


Cahill, Michael Clark

1991    The case of the missing konni 'P'.  Journal of West African Languages 21, pp. 15-24

1992    A preliminary phonolgy of the Konni language. Collected Language Notes, no 20. Ghana Institute of Linguistics, Literacy and Bible Translation.   

            Published by the Institute of African Studies, University of Ghana.

1993    Vowel Harmony and Underspecification in Konni. UTA Working Papers in Linguistics, vol. 1, pp. 109-126.

1994    Diphthongization and underspecification in Konni.

1995    Peaking at Zero: Null Subjects and Other Indicators of Peak in Konni Texts. In: Akinbiyi Aknlabi (ed.), Theoretical Approaches to African Linguistics, Trenton, NJ: Africa World Press.

1996    ATR Harmony in Konni. Papers in Phonology: OSU Working Papers in Linguistics 48, pp. 69-80

1997    The Phonology of Labio-velar Stops. Gur Papers / Cahiers Voltaiques 2, pp. 69-80.

1998    Tonal Polarity in Konni Nouns: An Optimal Theoretical Account. OSU Working Papers in Linguistics 51, pp. 19-58.

1999a   Triple Splits from Proto-Buli-Konni. OSU Working Papers in Linguistics 52, pp. 41-50.

1999b   Diphthongization in Konni: A Feature Geometry Account. Journal of African Languages and Linguistics 20, pp. 21-39.

1999c    Vowel Harmony in Konni: In: F.A. Kotey (ed.), New Dimensions in African Linguistics and Languages. Trends in African Linguistics 3, NJ and Asmara, Eritrea: Africa World Press, pp. 55-74.

2000    The Phonology of Konni Verbs. Gur Papers /Cahier Volataiques 5, pp. 31-38.

2000/2001 Noun Classes and Phonology in Konni. Journal of African Languages and Linguistics XVIII, pp. 49-69.

2003    The Phonology of /r/ in Konni. Gur Papers / Cahiers Voltaiques 6, pp. 33-41.

2004a    Marked Tones and Texture - The Necessity of High Tones in Konni. In: Akinbiyi Akinlabi and Adesola (eds.), Proceedings, 4th World Congress of African Linuistics, New Brunswick 2003, Köln: Rüdiger Köppe Verlag, pp. 97-109.

2004b    Tonal Polarity in Konni Nouns. Studies in African Linguistics 331, pp. 1-33.

2006    Tone Dissimilation or Tone Polarity?  Gur Papers / Cahiers Voltaiques 7, pp. 5-15.

2007a    More Universals of Tone. SIL Electronic Working Papers. SIL International 2007.

2007b    Aspects of the Morphology and Phonology of Konni. Dallas: SIL International and the University of Texas at Arlington Publications in Linguistics.


Davies, Oliver

1970    Ghana Field Notes, Part 2: Northern Ghana, University of Ghana (Legon), Department of Archaeology.


Davis, David C.

 19..    Observations on the Mounds of Komaland. Nyame Akuma, No 30, pp. 10-11


Duperray, Anne-Marie

1984    Les Gourounsi de Haute-Volta. Conquête et colonisation 1896-1933. Stuttgart: Franz Steiner Verlag Wiesbaden GmbH.


GILLBT (Ghana Institute of Linguistics, Literacy and Bible Translation, Tamale), see also Kpeebi

1994    Yobiŋ aŋaŋ Nyayiimiŋ Aŋaŋ Nandaga Ataŋ.

            [Elephant and Hippo. Stories and Proverbs]


Holden, J.J.

1965    The Zabarma Conquest of North-West Ghana. Transactions of the Historical Society of Ghana (Legon) 8: 60-86.


Koelle, Sigismund Wilhelm

1854    Polyglotta Africana. London (Reprint Graz 1963).

            [Koelle's Koama are not the present Koma!]


Köhler, Oswin

1964    Gur-languages in the Polyglotta Africana. Sierra Leone Language Review (Freetown), pp. 65-73.


Kpeebi, Konlan (see also GILLBT)

1995a  The Koma Funeral Celebrations. An anthropological Paper. (7 pp. typescript).

1995b  How the Millstone is Brought to the House in Komaland. (1 p. typescript).

1996    Marriage among the Koma People of Northern Ghana. (5 pp. typescript).

1997a  Komiŋ di faarinana hogu dene [How Koma marry]. Ghana Institute of Linguistics, Literacy and Bible Translation (GILLBT), Tamale, 10 pp.

1997b  Komiŋ siba baari nabidie ŋmiŋ bere miŋ? [Do Koma People know that there is a Creator God?] Ghana Institute of Linguistics, Literacy and Bible Translation (GILLBT), Tamale, 18 pp.

1998    The Concept of the Supreme Being among the Koma People of Northern Ghana. Preliminary Studies. Presented 10-10-98. (9 pp. typescript).

2000    Witchcraft among the Koma People of Northern Ghana. GILLBT Seminar Week February 2000, (5 pp. typescript).

2001    Child Bearing among the Koma People. Presented by Konlan Kpeebi, GILLBT Seminar Week, 6-8 February 2001, (4 pp. typescript).

2002    Construction of a New House among the Koma People. Mother Tongue. A Newsletter of the Ghana Institute of Linguistics, Literacy and Bible Translation. 6 pp.

2003a  The Missing Soul (haaling) among the Koma People. Presented during a GILLBT Seminar Week 27 January - 1 February 2003.

2003b  Kung wuyiike koming sung [Death performances among the Koma]. Ghana Institute of Linguistics, Literacy and Bible Translation (GILLBT), Tamale, 16 pp.


Kpeebi, Konlan and Andrew Sayibu (ed.)

n.d.      Komiŋ Nandaga. (Koma Proverbs). GILLBT, Tamale.


Kröger, Franz

1988    Die Terrakotta-Funde des Koma-Gebietes (Nordghana). In: Paideuma 34, 129-142.


Kröger, Franz

2013    Rotation without Genealogy: The Office of the Rainmaker in Yikpabongo (Komaland, Northern Ghana). Contemporary Journal of African Studies, 1,1: 111-116.


Kröger, Franz and Ben Baluri Saibu

2010  First Notes on Koma Culture. Life in a Remote Area of Northern Ghana. (Series:) Forschungen zu Sprachen und Kulturen Afrikas (ed. R. Schott), Münster, Berlin: Lit-Verlag. Brunswick, New York: Transaction Publishers.

             (first ethnographic publication; word-list Konni-English with approximately 2400 entries)


Naden, Tony

1986    Première note sur le Konni. In: Journal of West African Languages XVI, 2: 76-112.

1988    Language, history and legend in Northern Ghana. Sprache und Geschichte in Afrika 9: 205-246.

1989    Gur. In: Bendor-Samuel, Jong, Hartell, Rhonda L. (ed.), The Niger-Congo languages. A classification and description of Africa’s largest language family. Lanham, New York, London, pp. 140-168.


Pilaszewicz, Stanislaw

1992    The Zabarma Conquest of North-West Ghana and Upper Volta: A Husa Narrative “Histories of Samory and Babatu and others” by Mallam Abu. Warsaw


Population Census of Ghana (Census Office, Accra)

1970    Special Report ‘D’. List of Localities by Local Authority. Northern and Upper Regions.

1984    Special Report on Localities by Local Authorities. Northern Region. 

1984    Special Report on Localities by Local Authorities. Upper West Region.


Williamson, Thora (ed.)

2000    Gold Coast Diaries. Chronicles of Political Officers in West Africa. London and New York: The Radcliffe Press.